Darwish, born 13 March 1941 in the village of Al-Birwa returned to the Western Galilee, the second son of Salim and her parents Darwish, Arab Palestinian Muslims. His father was a farmer, and his mother is illiterate. His grandfather taught him to read and write. After the village was occupied by the army and was destroyed in the War of Independence, his family fled to Lebanon, first to Jezzine, and then to Damour. A year after fleeing to Lebanon, Israel infiltrated his family back to the acre, and settled in Jadeida. Because there were Census Israel during August Darwish did not receive Israeli citizenship, but the status of a permanent resident . Darwish had learned in high school named "Winnie" in Kfar Yossef, and finally moved to Haifa. Was active in the Communist Youth, Young Communist League, and had an affair with a Jewish girl he met on the move, Tamar Ben-Ami. He worked as a reporter for the Journal of Mapam Arabic, Almrtzad, and as a sub in Al-Fajr, Arabic literary magazine published by Mapam , but in 1961 moved to write Al-Ittihad, Journal RAQAH  . He published his first book of poetry at the age of 19. He published poems in El Jadida, the journal Literary Party RAQAH. His songs are saturated anger and sorrow on earth and suffer pain and humiliation of the Israeli Arab . His poems have won great popularity among Israeli Arabs  and in the Arab world and won rave reviews and was considered a symbol of Arab resistance to Israel  . Israeli authorities saw him as a firebrand and restrictions imposed on him  and arrested him several times .